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The history of chestnut

Release person: admin Release time: 2016-05-04 Browsing times: 580
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Chestnut, also known as Gui Li, Mao Li, Feng Li, is our specialty, known as "king of fruits" reputation. In abroad, known as "ginseng fruit". Chestnut trees is one of the earliest trees cultivated in China, for about 2000-3000 years of cultivation history, along with plum and apricot, peach and jujube as China's "five famous fruits".

Chestnut can be instead of food, is a cheap, nutritious tonic. Chestnut contains polyunsaturated fatty acids , vitamins and minerals to the prevention of hypertension, coronary heart disease, osteoporosis and other diseases, is anti-aging and longevity of nourishing nuts; It also contains riboflavin (vitamin B2). It will be good for pediatric and adult mouth ulcers . In addition, Chinese traditional medicine says chestnut can tonifying the spleen and stomach, kidney gluten, activating blood and stop bleeding, for the human body nourishing function. It can be comparable to ginseng, astragalus, angelica, beneficial for adjuvant treatment of kidney deficiency, so it is also called "the kidney of the fruit".

The history of Chinese chestnut

Miyun chestnut cultivation history can be traced back to the spring and Autumn period and Warring state periods in China, in the "Book of Songs", "book of Rites", "Analects of Confucius", "historical records" and other ancient literature in records,  the Lu Chi, three kingdoms period of "Mao poem" said "Many places have chestnut, only Yuyang, Fan Yang chestnut, sweet and remain taste. the others will no more than that." Sima Qian's "Records of the Historian biography" in the "Yan, Qin dynasty thousands chestnut tree......This is the person with Marquis of a Thousand Households." Is Yan miyun. According to record, the Miyun area still has more than 200 chestnut trees which more than three hundred or four hundred years , still lush foliage,and more fruit.

In history, Yanshan chestnut was one of the main Beijing chestnut for exports. According to the "Miyun County" records: 30's of last century, Miyun has 6718 chestnut trees, with an annual output of 8364 kilograms, with an annual output of 75 thousand kg chestnut. After the new Chinese established, Miyun chestnut Industrial Development of twist and turns. Especially since the reform and opening up, Miyun chestnut industry reborn. For the realization of "each place has its own way of supporting its own inhabitants”, Miyun County Government to implement Scientific Outlook on Development, and promote sound and rapid development of chestnut industry comprehensive . In the guidance of fruit research Beijing Academy of agriculture and forestry  chestnut improved varieties selection in Zhenzhai Gaoling commune village,  grafting yanhong, Yan Feng, Yanchang, Chang Zhuang 2 excellent varieties.

From 1990 to 1996, Miyun began construction of the five Lake fruit base, vigorously develop the production of chestnut. For the adjustment of agricultural structure and implement the national policy of returning farmland to forest, the county government determine the Miyun chestnut as leading industry. chestnut production got rapidly development . Their innovation, breaking the traditional concept, the development of growing chestnut in farmland. Chestnut close planting garden (1245 plants per hectare) nearly 9333 hectares. After decades of development and construction,until 2006, the county chestnut area reached 18234 hectares, in sixteen including Tanying town, Miyun town,  the focus areas are 10 towns, Bulaotun , gaoling, Dachengzi, Jugezhuang, Shicheng, Fengjiayu, Taishitun, beizhuang, mujiayu, Gubeikou, practitioners 45 thousand households, occupies an important position in the economic income . In 2006 the chestnut yield reached the highest level of 10 million 589 thousand kg. Yanshan chestnut special quality comes from not only the natural environment but also richly endowed by nature, has been poured into the Miyun people care.

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